chapter 4 results and discussion sample quantitative research
Chapter 4: Results and Discussion - Sample Quantitative Research
In any research study, the chapter on results and discussion plays a crucial role. This section is where the data collected during the research is presented and analyzed to answer the research questions or test the hypothesis. In this sample quantitative research, we will discuss the results obtained from the data collected and provide a detailed discussion on their implications.
The study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and academic performance among college students. A sample of 200 students was randomly selected from a local university, and their sleep duration was measured using a sleep tracking device over a period of two weeks. The academic performance of the students was assessed by their grade point average (GPA) obtained from the university records.
The mean sleep duration for the sample was found to be 6.5 hours, with a standard deviation of 1.2 hours. The distribution of sleep duration was approximately normal. The mean GPA of the students was 3.2, with a standard deviation of 0.6.
To test the hypothesis that there is a significant relationship between sleep duration and academic performance, a Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated. The correlation coefficient was found to be -0.32, indicating a moderate negative correlation between sleep duration and GPA. The p-value associated with the correlation coefficient was less than 0.05, indicating a statistically significant relationship.
The results of this study provide evidence that sleep duration has a significant impact on academic performance among college students. The negative correlation found suggests that as sleep duration decreases, academic performance tends to decrease as well. This finding is consistent with previous research on the topic.
The moderate strength of the correlation coefficient suggests that sleep duration explains around 10% of the variation in academic performance. This implies that factors other than sleep, such as study habits, motivation, and stress levels, also play a significant role in determining academic performance.
One possible explanation for the negative correlation between sleep duration and GPA is the effect of sleep deprivation on cognitive functioning. Lack of adequate sleep has been shown to impair attention, memory, and problem-solving abilities, all of which are critical for academic success. Additionally, sleep deprivation can lead to increased fatigue and decreased motivation, making it difficult for students to concentrate and perform well in their studies.
The findings of this study have important implications for college students, educators, and policymakers. It highlights the importance of promoting healthy sleep habits among students to improve their academic performance. Universities and colleges can play a role in creating awareness about the importance of sleep and implementing policies that prioritize student well-being and provide sufficient support for maintaining good sleep hygiene.
In conclusion, this sample quantitative research provides evidence of a significant relationship between sleep duration and academic performance among college students. The negative correlation suggests that as sleep duration decreases, academic performance tends to worsen. These findings emphasize the importance of promoting healthy sleep habits among college students to enhance their academic success. Further research in this area is warranted to explore other potential factors that may influence academic performance and to develop effective interventions.